Whether you play football or not, you've probably heard the term "defense" used to describe how teams stack the line of scrimmage. This is a key part of a successful defense because it allows teams to focus on one part of the field instead of trying to cover several different ones.

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Cover two defense

Among the oldest of football formations, the Cover Two defense is a simple, yet effective, defense that protects the end zone from long passing attacks. While the formation is a classic, it can be tricky to implement. It relies heavily on the "Mike" linebacker's ability to drop deep. It also requires front linemen to provide pressure. Teams have made numerous tweaks to the Cover Two formation to adapt it to the modern game.

The Cover Two defense has three primary components: the "Mikey" linebacker, a "hard" corner, and a middle linebacker. Each defender has an important role. The MIKE linebacker is responsible for covering the short middle of the field and looking for crossers. The MIKE will also be responsible for the hook/hole zone depending on the call.

The "Mikey" is the best-known and most common form of coverage. In Cover 2 it is common to see the MIKE lined up close to the LOS and the SAM linebacker on the opposite side. In this case, the MIKE linebacker's role is to cover the slot receiver's post pattern.

4-2-5 defense

During the last ten years, the 4-2-5 football defense has become one of the most popular defensive schemes. Using four defensive linemen and two linebackers, the 4-2-5 defense is designed to stop both the run and pass. The four defensive linemen attack the offensive line while the two linebackers protect the B and C gaps. Often, the defense will use its fifth defensive back at all times.

The defensive linemen line up as outside tackles. They attack the offensive line and must be strong and quick. They must also be able to fit with the linemen. They must be able to press the offensive line in the base defense and be able to play off of the offensive guard. They must be able to make a cut on the ball carrier.

The linebackers are the most mobile tacklers. They have to be smart and durable. They may be asked to play as edge rushers, run stoppers, or pass defenders. The linebacker is often positioned a few yards behind the line.

33 stack defense

Whether you are a defensive coach or an offensive coordinator, you have probably seen the 33 stack football defense. This system is designed to combat the spread offenses of today. It is a unique look that confuses the offensive line. It also offers more speed on the field.

Using this defensive scheme, a team can give different looks to their offense on each play. However, the 3-3 stack is also vulnerable to the power run game. The defensive linemen must be able to contain gaps in order to stop the run. There are also blitzes and stunts that can catch the offense off guard.

Defensive coordinators have found that the 33 stack football defense can be run with as little as two defensive linemen. It allows the team to run more stunts and slants. However, this defense also requires three down linemen.

In order to attack the spread offense, defensive coordinators have to call pressure looks based on formation. There are two basic patterns: South and West fronts.

Split field coverage

Increasingly, more and more football defenses are using split field coverage concepts. This coverage combines the effectiveness of a traditional defense with the simplicity of a man-to-man coverage. This coverage is used to defend aerial attack and to reduce the space that players require to run.

There are several different coverages that can be used in a split field defense. The first coverage is called the "BOX". The backside linebacker covers the boundary side receivers and the front side linebacker covers the receivers in the strong side. In this coverage, the safety is out of the running line of scrimmage and plays as a robber. This gives the safety an opportunity to reach the receiver with a throw to space.

The second coverage is called the "STEAL". This coverage concept plays a man on the backside and takes a weak boundary safety. This concept floods passing strength and creates a half-field zone. This coverage also provides an opportunity to double cover slot receivers.

This FanPost was written by a reader and member of Canal Street Chronicles. It does not necessarily reflect the views of CSC and its staff or editors.